Top Linux Tips for Beginners Who Are Just Starting Out

Why people prefer Linux?

There are many reasons why people prefer Linux over other operating systems, but it can be intimidating. It is normal for it to be confusing at first. In this article you will find some basic information as well as some commands that might come in handy.

What is Linux?

Linux is a primary operating system used to power many other systems. In relation to desktop computing, Linux is an alternative to other operating systems such as Windows.

Why Use Linux?

While there are many reasons you may want to use Linux over a commercial operating system, here are some of the best ones.

Linux can be used on older computers. While commercial brands like Windows are constantly becoming outdated, Linux is supported. Unlike Windows, it has regular security updates so it is safe to continue working on it.

Download size. While a commercial operating system takes up a great deal of bandwidth while downloading, Linux is relatively small and quick.

Software. The software is free to use, and you can use and change it as you wish.

Security. There are few viruses aimed towards Linux, and the security is much better.

Privacy. Linux doesn’t farm your information like Windows does, especially if you are using free community distribution.

Performance. It just all around performs better than Windows! For instance, with the ability to use older technology you can get more out of the different resources for hardware.

Reliability. You can always count on Linux to kill a hanging program.

Variety. Linux will always behave, feel and look the way you desire it to.

You can find answers to many of your questions at AskUbuntu

What are Linux Distros? There is no one version of Linux. Every distro combines a number of elements such as internet access into an operating system you can install. All you have to do is pick one. DistroWatch gives a great summary of each major distro that you may want to try. Many people start with Ubuntu because of their familiarity of Windows. Handy Commands Linux is heavy on commands. Finding the right command for the right time will make your experience much easier and much more fun. The first useful command is the “apropos” command.

By typing apropos “description,” you will get all commands that list your description listed. For instance, if you type in apropos “list directory”, all the commands that have “list directory” will show up in the help string. Another handy one is the ability to execute a prior command (other than hitting “up” a million times). This will show all the commands you have put in since you have turned on the terminal, plus a convenient identifying number next to them. You can repeat any of them by typing “!#” or type “!!” to repeat the latest command. Easy task management doesn’t come pre-installed, but it is well worth it.

All you have to do is go to Ubuntu or and Ubuntu derived distro, and type in sudo – apt get install htop. This application will allow you to get a complete overview of every process running on the system as well as details like RAM and CPU usage and process IDs, as well as the amount of time they have been running. Just type htop into the command line. Easy file system navigation is rather easy to install. This interface will make it easy to maneuver through your entire file system while only using your mouse or keyboard. If you are using Ubuntu, type in sudo apt – get install ranger, and then all you have to do is type ranger in the command line once it is installed.

Keyboard Shortcuts Alt + Backspace: the previous word gets deleted. Alt + F: skip ahead to the next available space. Alt + B: skips behind to the prior space. Ctrl + U: cuts text up until the cursor. Ctrl + K: cuts text until the end of the line following the cursor. Ctrl + A: places cursor at the beginning of the line. Ctrl + E: places cursor at the end of the line. Hopefully you can now approach Linux with a bit more confidence. After you know the basics, and have mastered the simple commands you should have a great time on your system.