The Linux operating system is the brainchild of Linus Torvalds.
Though the Linux OS initially started as a college project for the young Finnish student, it has become one of the leading sources of open source operating systems. Open source operating systems came in as a need for an alternative of the two leading operating systems of windows and Mac. The Linux OS is available in very many different forms of distribution, such as Ubuntu, Fedora, Kali and Linux Mint.
Below is a step by step guide on how to install the Linux OS.
Download the Linux distribution type you want.
There are a variety of distribution formats for the Linux that you could choose from. But I would personally recommend the Linux Mint or Ubuntu Linux, by which they both are generally user-friendly. The word “distros”, as you will encounter, is just slang to the word distribution.
Download the selected Linux distribution from your dealer in its original ISO format. Then burn the format into a USB or CD in what will now be known as a live CD or live USB.
Boot the downloaded Linux OS.
You first need to configure your computer settings a bit. Since most computers as a default boot from their hard drives, you need to reset your computer to boot from a CD or USB.
After the computer starts to reboot, Press the key that releases the boot menu. This key is instructed and given by the manufacturer and is typical of the regular function keys of F1, F2 up to F12.
After that, for windows, 10 users go to settings followed by advanced boot then click on restart now. For Windows 8 users, press shift key then click Restart. These two actions open the advanced startup options.
Here you can select your live USB or live CD for which you can now leave the boot menu. The computer will by itself continue with the booting process.
Most Linux distros give the user a chance to interact with the program and get a feel of its working environment before they start with the installation process.
Commence with the installation process.
After interacting with the software in the test it face and having been satisfied, you can then click on the continue button on the bottom corner of the screen. Otherwise, you could start the installation from the boot menu.
The OS will ask you to change some language, date and time zones settings. You might also choose on the Keyboard preference.
Username and password.
Typical to any other OS, Linux will ask you to set up a username and relevant password, this is mainly for administrative purposes of the account.
Create a partition.
A partition is just a section of the hard drive that is specifically designated to house software or operating system. The partition is mainly for those users who desire to have multiple operating systems on their laptops. Make sure to have a minimum of 25 GB storage space for the Linux OS.
Some Linux distros such as Ubuntu Linux generally create a partition automatically. Otherwise, you will be forced to do it manually.
Perform a Linux boot.
Once the installation is complete, the computer might automatically boot itself or you as the user might perform a manual boot. Once the reboot has taken place, you will see a new screen appear called the GNU GRUB. For those using dual OS, it will show a menu containing various distros. Pick out yours. Otherwise, in the case of a single OS, the menu list will not appear.
If the GNU GRAB doesn’t appear, click shift right after the manufacturer’s screen splash.
Work and check on the hardware.
Most of the hardware compartments of your computer should integrate well with your Linux distros. However, in some cases, it might require you to download new drivers for applications such as graphics cards.
You are good to go.
Most Linux distros come in with custom built programs; however, you may need to download more software to match your utility and preference. You can then start using your Linux OS right away.
In conclusion, the above step by step instructions on how to install a Linux operating system on your laptop are simple and easy to follow. Starting with the downloading of the Linux distros, booting, and installation all the way to hardware configuration and setup. This article tries to be as informative as possible in the most non-technical form of the English language.