Category: Linux tips

How to Install Linux on Your Laptop

The Linux operating system is the brainchild of Linus Torvalds.

Though the Linux OS initially started as a college project for the young Finnish student, it has become one of the leading sources of open source operating systems. Open source operating systems came in as a need for an alternative of the two leading operating systems of windows and Mac. The Linux OS is available in very many different forms of distribution, such as Ubuntu, Fedora, Kali and Linux Mint.

Below is a step by step guide on how to install the Linux OS.

Download the Linux distribution type you want.

There are a variety of distribution formats for the Linux that you could choose from. But I would personally recommend the Linux Mint or Ubuntu Linux, by which they both are generally user-friendly. The word “distros”, as you will encounter, is just slang to the word distribution.

Download the selected Linux distribution from your dealer in its original ISO format. Then burn the format into a USB or CD in what will now be known as a live CD or live USB.

Boot the downloaded Linux OS.

You first need to configure your computer settings a bit. Since most computers as a default boot from their hard drives, you need to reset your computer to boot from a CD or USB.

After the computer starts to reboot, Press the key that releases the boot menu. This key is instructed and given by the manufacturer and is typical of the regular function keys of F1, F2 up to F12.

After that, for windows, 10 users go to settings followed by advanced boot then click on restart now. For Windows 8 users, press shift key then click Restart. These two actions open the advanced startup options.

Here you can select your live USB or live CD for which you can now leave the boot menu. The computer will by itself continue with the booting process.

Test it.

Most Linux distros give the user a chance to interact with the program and get a feel of its working environment before they start with the installation process.

Commence with the installation process.

After interacting with the software in the test it face and having been satisfied, you can then click on the continue button on the bottom corner of the screen. Otherwise, you could start the installation from the boot menu.

The OS will ask you to change some language, date and time zones settings. You might also choose on the Keyboard preference.

Username and password.

Typical to any other OS, Linux will ask you to set up a username and relevant password, this is mainly for administrative purposes of the account.

Create a partition.

A partition is just a section of the hard drive that is specifically designated to house software or operating system. The partition is mainly for those users who desire to have multiple operating systems on their laptops. Make sure to have a minimum of 25 GB storage space for the Linux OS.

Some Linux distros such as Ubuntu Linux generally create a partition automatically. Otherwise, you will be forced to do it manually.

Perform a Linux boot.

Once the installation is complete, the computer might automatically boot itself or you as the user might perform a manual boot. Once the reboot has taken place, you will see a new screen appear called the GNU GRUB. For those using dual OS, it will show a menu containing various distros. Pick out yours. Otherwise, in the case of a single OS, the menu list will not appear.

If the GNU GRAB doesn’t appear, click shift right after the manufacturer’s screen splash.

Work and check on the hardware.

Most of the hardware compartments of your computer should integrate well with your Linux distros. However, in some cases, it might require you to download new drivers for applications such as graphics cards.

You are good to go.

Most Linux distros come in with custom built programs; however, you may need to download more software to match your utility and preference. You can then start using your Linux OS right away.

In conclusion, the above step by step instructions on how to install a Linux operating system on your laptop are simple and easy to follow. Starting with the downloading of the Linux distros, booting, and installation all the way to hardware configuration and setup. This article tries to be as informative as possible in the most non-technical form of the English language.

Best Linux Distros For Any User Level

Linux is an extremely versatile operating system, suitable for any level of user.

If Windows keeps getting you down, you might be surprised to find that there is a Linux distro perfect for your needs. What’s more, Linux is open source, so it’s completely free for most users, and more experienced users are able to tweak the system to suit their individual needs. Based on the UNIX family of operating systems, Linux has historically been quite user-unfriendly, but these days Linux is more versatile. You’ll find it’s running a wide variety of devices, from standard PCs to Android phones and smart home devices – even in-flight entertainment systems! Linux is everywhere.

Choosing the Linux distro that’s right for you might seem like a daunting task, considering how many different versions are out there! So we’ve decided to put together a list of the best Linux distro for all kinds of users to help you find the right distro for you.

Best distros for beginner users

Linux Mint

Linux Mint is a great distro for those switching from Windows or Mac for the first time, having been designed to work straight out of the box with full multimedia support. You’ll find a different kind of desktop environment with each of the three editions that come with the latest version (v19). Linux Mint is based on Debian and Ubuntu which are by far the most stable of all the distros.

Pros: Works out of the box, has full multimedia support.

Cons: There are none!

Elementary OS

Elementary OS is a stunningly pretty distro that harnesses the glossy design of macOS, Based on Ubuntu Linux, one of the main draws for Elementary OS (aside from the sleek desktop environment) is access to the Ubuntu packaging system, meaning that any program you need to install can be done with very few commands. Elementary OS is simple to learn and will enable you to become a Linux aficionado in no time.

Pros: Beautiful design, access to Ubuntu’s packaging manager.

Cons: Less configurable than other distros.

Best distros for intermediate users

 Ubuntu

We couldn’t mention Ubuntu-based distros without including Ubuntu itself! Ubuntu is perfect for the average user who wants a little more configurability than the easier to use Ubuntu-based distros. Ubuntu is updated regularly, with new versions coming out every six months or so. Installing, upgrading and configuring software is super easy using the Debian-based packaging manager. The reason we put Ubuntu in the intermediate category is because you may run into trouble with hardware support for certain systems, especially compared with the truly beginners level distros, so you may find the transition from a Windows or Mac system a little difficult.

Pros: Packaging manager make software installation a breeze.

Cons: Not as easy to get used to as other distros.

Debian

Ubuntu is based on Debian, so the distros are very similar. Debian, however, is focused more on the computer programmer rather than the general user. Where Ubuntu streamlines many processes, Debian offers more options in regards to configurability, hence the increased difficulty in installation. Debian certainly is the expert’s distro, compared to Ubuntu, requiring attention to maintenance. Most of the same software can run on each installation, however Debian’s software tends to be more stable and there’s a wealth of software available for programmers.

Pros: Stability, software availability.

Cons: Installation and maintenance my be difficult for some users.

Best distros for experienced users

 Arch Linux

Arch Linux There is a huge reason we suggest Arch Linux as the distro for experienced users, and this is immediately evident as early as installing the distro. Rather than using an installation wizard like other distros, Arch requires the knowledge of various terminal commands, and requires you to pick and choose each installation component as you go. It is possible, however, to follow a guide, and there are several out there to choose from in order to customize your experience. There are some pretty good guides out there, but we recommend you start here. Other distros built on Arch, such as Manjaro and Antergos, may be more user friendly and easier to install than Arch, so if Arch gives you trouble you might consider starting with either of these.

Pros: Highly customizable.

Cons: Requires terminal command knowledge.

Kali Linux

Kali Linux is one of the newer Linux distros and has been designed purely for security and penetration testing. In fact, this distro is designed as an ethical hacking Linux distro. It comes standard with a large number of security-related tools and is targeted to computer security experts, and was not designed with the typical desktop user in mind. Overall, Kali is an intriguing new player in the Linux distro field, but certainly not for the feint at heart.

Pros: Installation comes with tons of security related tools.

Cons: Niche software specifically designed for a certain type of user.

As you can see, there’s no shortage of Linux distros for any kind of user experience. If it’s your first time using Linux, we suggest you choose a distro that fills yours needs straight out of the box – there’s sure to be at least one! You’ll become proficient with Linux in no time, and when you do, you can begin to tinker with your distro to tailor it to your specific needs. These are just some of the Linux distros available; there are literally hundreds – you can even search them all here. No matter what level of user you are, you’ll find a distro that appeals to you, you’ll find a new favourite in no time.

Top Linux Tips for Beginners Who Are Just Starting Out

Why people prefer Linux?

There are many reasons why people prefer Linux over other operating systems, but it can be intimidating. It is normal for it to be confusing at first. In this article you will find some basic information as well as some commands that might come in handy.

What is Linux?

Linux is a primary operating system used to power many other systems. In relation to desktop computing, Linux is an alternative to other operating systems such as Windows.

Why Use Linux?

While there are many reasons you may want to use Linux over a commercial operating system, here are some of the best ones.

Linux can be used on older computers. While commercial brands like Windows are constantly becoming outdated, Linux is supported. Unlike Windows, it has regular security updates so it is safe to continue working on it.

Download size. While a commercial operating system takes up a great deal of bandwidth while downloading, Linux is relatively small and quick.

Software. The software is free to use, and you can use and change it as you wish.

Security. There are few viruses aimed towards Linux, and the security is much better.

Privacy. Linux doesn’t farm your information like Windows does, especially if you are using free community distribution.

Performance. It just all around performs better than Windows! For instance, with the ability to use older technology you can get more out of the different resources for hardware.

Reliability. You can always count on Linux to kill a hanging program.

Variety. Linux will always behave, feel and look the way you desire it to.

You can find answers to many of your questions at AskUbuntu

What are Linux Distros? There is no one version of Linux. Every distro combines a number of elements such as internet access into an operating system you can install. All you have to do is pick one. DistroWatch gives a great summary of each major distro that you may want to try. Many people start with Ubuntu because of their familiarity of Windows. Handy Commands Linux is heavy on commands. Finding the right command for the right time will make your experience much easier and much more fun. The first useful command is the “apropos” command.

By typing apropos “description,” you will get all commands that list your description listed. For instance, if you type in apropos “list directory”, all the commands that have “list directory” will show up in the help string. Another handy one is the ability to execute a prior command (other than hitting “up” a million times). This will show all the commands you have put in since you have turned on the terminal, plus a convenient identifying number next to them. You can repeat any of them by typing “!#” or type “!!” to repeat the latest command. Easy task management doesn’t come pre-installed, but it is well worth it.

All you have to do is go to Ubuntu or and Ubuntu derived distro, and type in sudo – apt get install htop. This application will allow you to get a complete overview of every process running on the system as well as details like RAM and CPU usage and process IDs, as well as the amount of time they have been running. Just type htop into the command line. Easy file system navigation is rather easy to install. This interface will make it easy to maneuver through your entire file system while only using your mouse or keyboard. If you are using Ubuntu, type in sudo apt – get install ranger, and then all you have to do is type ranger in the command line once it is installed.

Keyboard Shortcuts Alt + Backspace: the previous word gets deleted. Alt + F: skip ahead to the next available space. Alt + B: skips behind to the prior space. Ctrl + U: cuts text up until the cursor. Ctrl + K: cuts text until the end of the line following the cursor. Ctrl + A: places cursor at the beginning of the line. Ctrl + E: places cursor at the end of the line. Hopefully you can now approach Linux with a bit more confidence. After you know the basics, and have mastered the simple commands you should have a great time on your system.