How to Install Linux on Your Laptop

The Linux operating system is the brainchild of Linus Torvalds.

Though the Linux OS initially started as a college project for the young Finnish student, it has become one of the leading sources of open source operating systems. Open source operating systems came in as a need for an alternative of the two leading operating systems of windows and Mac. The Linux OS is available in very many different forms of distribution, such as Ubuntu, Fedora, Kali and Linux Mint.

Below is a step by step guide on how to install the Linux OS.

Download the Linux distribution type you want.

There are a variety of distribution formats for the Linux that you could choose from. But I would personally recommend the Linux Mint or Ubuntu Linux, by which they both are generally user-friendly. The word “distros”, as you will encounter, is just slang to the word distribution.

Download the selected Linux distribution from your dealer in its original ISO format. Then burn the format into a USB or CD in what will now be known as a live CD or live USB.

Boot the downloaded Linux OS.

You first need to configure your computer settings a bit. Since most computers as a default boot from their hard drives, you need to reset your computer to boot from a CD or USB.

After the computer starts to reboot, Press the key that releases the boot menu. This key is instructed and given by the manufacturer and is typical of the regular function keys of F1, F2 up to F12.

After that, for windows, 10 users go to settings followed by advanced boot then click on restart now. For Windows 8 users, press shift key then click Restart. These two actions open the advanced startup options.

Here you can select your live USB or live CD for which you can now leave the boot menu. The computer will by itself continue with the booting process.

Test it.

Most Linux distros give the user a chance to interact with the program and get a feel of its working environment before they start with the installation process.

Commence with the installation process.

After interacting with the software in the test it face and having been satisfied, you can then click on the continue button on the bottom corner of the screen. Otherwise, you could start the installation from the boot menu.

The OS will ask you to change some language, date and time zones settings. You might also choose on the Keyboard preference.

Username and password.

Typical to any other OS, Linux will ask you to set up a username and relevant password, this is mainly for administrative purposes of the account.

Create a partition.

A partition is just a section of the hard drive that is specifically designated to house software or operating system. The partition is mainly for those users who desire to have multiple operating systems on their laptops. Make sure to have a minimum of 25 GB storage space for the Linux OS.

Some Linux distros such as Ubuntu Linux generally create a partition automatically. Otherwise, you will be forced to do it manually.

Perform a Linux boot.

Once the installation is complete, the computer might automatically boot itself or you as the user might perform a manual boot. Once the reboot has taken place, you will see a new screen appear called the GNU GRUB. For those using dual OS, it will show a menu containing various distros. Pick out yours. Otherwise, in the case of a single OS, the menu list will not appear.

If the GNU GRAB doesn’t appear, click shift right after the manufacturer’s screen splash.

Work and check on the hardware.

Most of the hardware compartments of your computer should integrate well with your Linux distros. However, in some cases, it might require you to download new drivers for applications such as graphics cards.

You are good to go.

Most Linux distros come in with custom built programs; however, you may need to download more software to match your utility and preference. You can then start using your Linux OS right away.

In conclusion, the above step by step instructions on how to install a Linux operating system on your laptop are simple and easy to follow. Starting with the downloading of the Linux distros, booting, and installation all the way to hardware configuration and setup. This article tries to be as informative as possible in the most non-technical form of the English language.

Best Linux Laptops For $1000

Linux laptops are a great choice for computer enthusiasts.

They are an open-source technology that you can really customize to suit your personal needs. Many brands make Linux laptops, and many are priced at under $1,000, providing great value for money. With such a range of choices available when shopping for laptops, there are a wide range of factors to consider. Here are some of the best Linux laptops for under $1,000.

Dell XPS 13  

The Dell XPS 13 is rated as one of the best Linux laptops on the market, and while some versions of this popular model are priced as high as $2,000, you can find versions that run for as low as $800. This system makes optimizing the Linux software a breeze, and it takes just a few minutes to get everything set up. It also has one of the best quality screens on the market, with beautiful image quality that’s easy on your eyes. The design is sleek and only weighs a few pounds, so it’s highly portable. It also has 16 gigabytes of RAM for plenty of storage. The XPS 13 is highly regarded as the best Linux laptop on the market in any budget, so purchasing one of their models available for under $1,000 provides great value for money.

ASUS ZenBook UX330UA  

This light and effective ASUS model comes in at around $700, but provides great value for that price. It has an incredible battery life that outlasts that of many of the other top performing Linux laptops, and the 13.3 inch display uses beautiful 1080p quality that’s ideal for quality video streaming and gaming. It has eight gigabytes of RAM, which isn’t as much as the XPS 13, but will still get the job done. It does use fingerprint scanning to unlock, which in theory is practical but can be frustrating when installing Linux add-ons, so you may want to program it to work with a traditional password.

System 76 Galago Pro  

This is another great Linux laptop that’s affordable for computer enthusiasts on a budget. It’s incredibly light because the body is made from aluminum, and it has a sleek, trendy design. It also has a very fast 8th Gen Intel Core i5-8250U processor, so you don’t have to worry about slow processing speeds. Linux also offers advanced support specifically for computers that have this new, high end processor. It only has 8 gigabytes of RAM, which is half as much as the Dell XPS, but still plenty to do a great job. It’s important to note that this computer also doesn’t have the best battery life, so if you’re on the go frequently and don’t always have access to an outlet, this may not be the best choice for you.

Acer Aspire E15  

This highly affordable computer, coming in at just $350, is an ideal choice for the first-time Linux user. It’s very sturdy and durable, with a long battery life and a full terabyte of storage. In fact, it’s a great choice if you want to use both Windows and Linux on the same machine because it has so much storage. The drawback to this machine is that it’s quite heavy, which can be frustrating if you like to take your computer on the go, and the exterior keyboard and hardware are plastic, which isn’t the most luxurious material. It only has four gigabytes of RAM, but the extra terabyte of storage makes up for the smaller RAM storage. For the price tag, this machine provides great performance quality, and it makes a good intro to the Linux system and open-source computing.

These are just a few of the many Linux laptops that are available for under $1,000. When searching for a laptop to fit within your budget, you should still keep an eye out for good performance metrics to make sure you’re getting the best value for money. Decent levels of storage and RAM are important, as well as a fast processor, particularly if you’re using your Linux for high-level gaming or engineering. A high quality display and a well-designed exterior are also good features to keep an eye out for. You don’t need to break the bank to get a great Linux laptop – there are so many available for under $1,000.

Best Linux Apps for Better Productivity in 2018

Your distro’s package manager will allow you to download basically any app that you can think of

If you’re a Linux user, then you’re already familiar with the wide variety of distros that you can choose from in order to run your machine. However, did you also know that you have access to thousands of applications – many of which are free – that you can use to help perform the many tasks you need to undertake? Your distro’s package manager will allow you to download basically any app that you can think of, but it’s easy to become overwhelmed by the choice. Here’s our guide on the best and most useful Linux apps of 2018.

VLC Media Player

VLC Media Player is one of the best apps out there, and I would suggest it to anyone regardless of what operating system they are using! VLC is incredibly versatile, and comes with virtually all codecs imaginable, so it can play any kind of media file you throw at it. But VLC is so much more than a media player. Should you want to convert a file from one media format to another, VLC Media Player can handle that for you. You can even stream to other devices, such as your smart TV or Xbox One (


GIMP is Linux’s image editing solution. If you’re an Adobe Photoshop aficionado, you might be surprised to learn that GIMP is capable of achieving many of the same tasks. It comes with full layering capability, and allows you to process, color, resize, edit or convert any sort of image. In fact, it was made with Photoshop users in mind, because you can even import some of the same Photoshop plugins and effect add-ons. The most interesting aspect of GIMP, though, is that it’s free – which definitely comes as a shock when you realize how much you’ve been paying for commercial image editing solutions.


Every good operating system needs a document editing package, and LibreOffice is the Linux solution for this task. Based around the Open Document Format, LibreOffice can handle any type of file compatibility, including any Microsoft Office format. This means that you don’t have to convert any of your files if you’re finding yourself considering the change from another operating system to Linux. Like GIMP, LibreOffice is completely free, and actually comes with a whole stack of additional useful programs so you can complete your tasks completely and quickly.


The Linux operating system, like other platforms, comes with its own set of security vulnerabilities, so it’s best to use your operating system with security in mind. Just like you’d get with a Windows PC or a Mac, Linux also has a range of anti-virus applications to choose from. ClamAV will provide you with the knowledge that you’re protecting yourself completely from outside attacks, and can scan and detect malware and check your incoming and outgoing emails for any unwanted nastiness. ClamAV can integrate with an accessory program called clamtk that will enable you to scan your computer using full GUI access.

Google Chrome

Browsing the web is something you’ll be doing near constantly on your new Linux computer, so you’ll be happy to know that your favorite web browser is available to use on Linux. Google Chrome allows you to sync your settings, history and caches between devices, as well as install browser extensions in order to improve your browsing experience. You can control all aspects of your Google accounts with the seamless integration that Google Chrome offers.


As one of the largest cloud storage platforms, Dropbox offers you 2GB of storage for free, so that you can keep all your important documents, backups and pictures all in one place. One of the main draws of Dropbox is the fact that it fully integrates into your file explorer, showing itself as another storage drive on your computer so you can drag and drop files easily. The auto-sync feature means you don’t have to do anything to share files between all your devices. Dropbox is fully available for Linux with a very simple to use Linux client application.


If your online communications are spread across multiple platforms, then Pidgin might be the perfect application for you. It supports a ton of different instant messaging programs, like Google Talk, Yahoo chat and even IRC (do you remember IRC?). As it’s available as a Linux application, it means that you can access each of these online messaging systems using just one app rather than cluttering your desktop by downloading several.


One of the most popular video chatting programs is Skype. It’s an extremely robust service that allows you to not only share your video stream with others, but also lets you use text chat if you’re a little webcam-shy. Skype has been around for a long time, but has recently released a shiny new Linux application so you can keep using the video chat program you love.


If you’re a programmer or otherwise utilize a text editor on a regular basis, then Atom is great product for you. It was created by GitHub, so it has all of the modern project organization applications in mind. Stylish and customizable, Atom comes with a number of themes so you can make it look however you want, and there are loads of extensions available from the GitHub community. Atom is the perfect choice if you want to get away from command line text editing on Linux. If Atom isn’t your thing, there are many other Linux based text editors to choose from.


Linux is a truly robust operating system with a lot to offer, and the choices are only increasing more and more over time. No matter what your goal is, whether it be image or text editing, streaming media or connecting with your friends and family, there’s more than one Linux application that will meet your needs. Not every application will have the same functionality, but with a little bit of time and effort, your Linux set up will be perfectly tailored to your requirements.

Best Linux Distros For Any User Level

Linux is an extremely versatile operating system, suitable for any level of user.

If Windows keeps getting you down, you might be surprised to find that there is a Linux distro perfect for your needs. What’s more, Linux is open source, so it’s completely free for most users, and more experienced users are able to tweak the system to suit their individual needs. Based on the UNIX family of operating systems, Linux has historically been quite user-unfriendly, but these days Linux is more versatile. You’ll find it’s running a wide variety of devices, from standard PCs to Android phones and smart home devices – even in-flight entertainment systems! Linux is everywhere.

Choosing the Linux distro that’s right for you might seem like a daunting task, considering how many different versions are out there! So we’ve decided to put together a list of the best Linux distro for all kinds of users to help you find the right distro for you.

Best distros for beginner users

Linux Mint

Linux Mint is a great distro for those switching from Windows or Mac for the first time, having been designed to work straight out of the box with full multimedia support. You’ll find a different kind of desktop environment with each of the three editions that come with the latest version (v19). Linux Mint is based on Debian and Ubuntu which are by far the most stable of all the distros.

Pros: Works out of the box, has full multimedia support.

Cons: There are none!

Elementary OS

Elementary OS is a stunningly pretty distro that harnesses the glossy design of macOS, Based on Ubuntu Linux, one of the main draws for Elementary OS (aside from the sleek desktop environment) is access to the Ubuntu packaging system, meaning that any program you need to install can be done with very few commands. Elementary OS is simple to learn and will enable you to become a Linux aficionado in no time.

Pros: Beautiful design, access to Ubuntu’s packaging manager.

Cons: Less configurable than other distros.

Best distros for intermediate users


We couldn’t mention Ubuntu-based distros without including Ubuntu itself! Ubuntu is perfect for the average user who wants a little more configurability than the easier to use Ubuntu-based distros. Ubuntu is updated regularly, with new versions coming out every six months or so. Installing, upgrading and configuring software is super easy using the Debian-based packaging manager. The reason we put Ubuntu in the intermediate category is because you may run into trouble with hardware support for certain systems, especially compared with the truly beginners level distros, so you may find the transition from a Windows or Mac system a little difficult.

Pros: Packaging manager make software installation a breeze.

Cons: Not as easy to get used to as other distros.


Ubuntu is based on Debian, so the distros are very similar. Debian, however, is focused more on the computer programmer rather than the general user. Where Ubuntu streamlines many processes, Debian offers more options in regards to configurability, hence the increased difficulty in installation. Debian certainly is the expert’s distro, compared to Ubuntu, requiring attention to maintenance. Most of the same software can run on each installation, however Debian’s software tends to be more stable and there’s a wealth of software available for programmers.

Pros: Stability, software availability.

Cons: Installation and maintenance my be difficult for some users.

Best distros for experienced users

 Arch Linux

Arch Linux There is a huge reason we suggest Arch Linux as the distro for experienced users, and this is immediately evident as early as installing the distro. Rather than using an installation wizard like other distros, Arch requires the knowledge of various terminal commands, and requires you to pick and choose each installation component as you go. It is possible, however, to follow a guide, and there are several out there to choose from in order to customize your experience. There are some pretty good guides out there, but we recommend you start here. Other distros built on Arch, such as Manjaro and Antergos, may be more user friendly and easier to install than Arch, so if Arch gives you trouble you might consider starting with either of these.

Pros: Highly customizable.

Cons: Requires terminal command knowledge.

Kali Linux

Kali Linux is one of the newer Linux distros and has been designed purely for security and penetration testing. In fact, this distro is designed as an ethical hacking Linux distro. It comes standard with a large number of security-related tools and is targeted to computer security experts, and was not designed with the typical desktop user in mind. Overall, Kali is an intriguing new player in the Linux distro field, but certainly not for the feint at heart.

Pros: Installation comes with tons of security related tools.

Cons: Niche software specifically designed for a certain type of user.

As you can see, there’s no shortage of Linux distros for any kind of user experience. If it’s your first time using Linux, we suggest you choose a distro that fills yours needs straight out of the box – there’s sure to be at least one! You’ll become proficient with Linux in no time, and when you do, you can begin to tinker with your distro to tailor it to your specific needs. These are just some of the Linux distros available; there are literally hundreds – you can even search them all here. No matter what level of user you are, you’ll find a distro that appeals to you, you’ll find a new favourite in no time.

Top Linux Tips for Beginners Who Are Just Starting Out

Why people prefer Linux?

There are many reasons why people prefer Linux over other operating systems, but it can be intimidating. It is normal for it to be confusing at first. In this article you will find some basic information as well as some commands that might come in handy.

What is Linux?

Linux is a primary operating system used to power many other systems. In relation to desktop computing, Linux is an alternative to other operating systems such as Windows.

Why Use Linux?

While there are many reasons you may want to use Linux over a commercial operating system, here are some of the best ones.

Linux can be used on older computers. While commercial brands like Windows are constantly becoming outdated, Linux is supported. Unlike Windows, it has regular security updates so it is safe to continue working on it.

Download size. While a commercial operating system takes up a great deal of bandwidth while downloading, Linux is relatively small and quick.

Software. The software is free to use, and you can use and change it as you wish.

Security. There are few viruses aimed towards Linux, and the security is much better.

Privacy. Linux doesn’t farm your information like Windows does, especially if you are using free community distribution.

Performance. It just all around performs better than Windows! For instance, with the ability to use older technology you can get more out of the different resources for hardware.

Reliability. You can always count on Linux to kill a hanging program.

Variety. Linux will always behave, feel and look the way you desire it to.

You can find answers to many of your questions at AskUbuntu

What are Linux Distros? There is no one version of Linux. Every distro combines a number of elements such as internet access into an operating system you can install. All you have to do is pick one. DistroWatch gives a great summary of each major distro that you may want to try. Many people start with Ubuntu because of their familiarity of Windows. Handy Commands Linux is heavy on commands. Finding the right command for the right time will make your experience much easier and much more fun. The first useful command is the “apropos” command.

By typing apropos “description,” you will get all commands that list your description listed. For instance, if you type in apropos “list directory”, all the commands that have “list directory” will show up in the help string. Another handy one is the ability to execute a prior command (other than hitting “up” a million times). This will show all the commands you have put in since you have turned on the terminal, plus a convenient identifying number next to them. You can repeat any of them by typing “!#” or type “!!” to repeat the latest command. Easy task management doesn’t come pre-installed, but it is well worth it.

All you have to do is go to Ubuntu or and Ubuntu derived distro, and type in sudo – apt get install htop. This application will allow you to get a complete overview of every process running on the system as well as details like RAM and CPU usage and process IDs, as well as the amount of time they have been running. Just type htop into the command line. Easy file system navigation is rather easy to install. This interface will make it easy to maneuver through your entire file system while only using your mouse or keyboard. If you are using Ubuntu, type in sudo apt – get install ranger, and then all you have to do is type ranger in the command line once it is installed.

Keyboard Shortcuts Alt + Backspace: the previous word gets deleted. Alt + F: skip ahead to the next available space. Alt + B: skips behind to the prior space. Ctrl + U: cuts text up until the cursor. Ctrl + K: cuts text until the end of the line following the cursor. Ctrl + A: places cursor at the beginning of the line. Ctrl + E: places cursor at the end of the line. Hopefully you can now approach Linux with a bit more confidence. After you know the basics, and have mastered the simple commands you should have a great time on your system.

Top 5 Linux Laptops Under $300

If you are tired of viruses and malware, you will find Linux very useful

Linux is lately gaining popularity among home users, educational institutes and businesses thanks to the great improvements that have happened over the last few years. Some of the top reasons why you should have Linux in your laptop as the main or the secondary OS include high stability and security. Linux OS is not prone to crashes. In fact, you can install and forget about it as your laptop would still be performing at the same speed as when you first installed it. If you are tired of viruses and malware, you will find Linux very useful. Programs cannot make changes to your laptop unless they have access to the root, which is very rare as most Linux users do not log in as the root. The installation is very flexible as users can choose the models they want to install allowing them to recycle old hardware resources.

Pinebook 64

It is difficult to imagine finding a fully working laptop under $100 but the Pinebook 64 is a reasonable option for students and individuals on a tight budget. The Pinebook 64 comes in two models of 11.6 inch and 14 inch. Despite its low price, the Pinebook Notebook comes with a full-size keyboard and a large multi-touch touchpad for ease of use. Weighing 1.2 kg, the laptop is convenient to carry with other luggage. The laptop supports a number of Linux distributions that include Elementary, Ubuntu 16.04, Debain Jesse, Remix OS 2.0 and Windows loT platform.

The Pinebook 64 comes with 16GB of storage but you can use the Micro SD card slot to expand the storage up to 256GB. You can also use external storage drive using one of its two USB 2.0 ports. It also comes with 2GB RAM, WiFi, Bluetooth, 1.2MP camera and 64-Bit quad-core ARM Cortex A53 CPU. Nevertheless, you should not expect to multitask with this laptop.

Alpha Litebook

If you want a cheap laptop under $300 that will let you multitask, you should consider the Alpha Litebook. Unlike the Pinebook, the Litebook offers a balance between hardware and software. With 4GB RAM, 120GB SSD or 512GB HDD, the Litebook is a perfect choice if you are looking for a quite capable affordable Linux laptop. Other features of Litebook include 14.1-inch FHD 1920 by 1080 display, quad-core Intel Celeron N3150, Bluetooth, and WiFi. It also comes with a mini HDMI port, a 3.5mm audio jack, an Ethernet jack and two USB 3.0 ports.

2018 Newest Premium Dell Inspiron

With 4GB DDR4 RAM and 500GB HDD, the newest premium Dell Inspiron is perfect for those looking to take advantage the security advantage offered by Linux. Whether you want a single Linux OS or you would like to install Linux and Windows together, the 7th Gen AMD A6-9220 is perfect for more tasking projects. The laptop also features 15.6-inch diagonal display, AMD Radeon R4 graphics, WiFI, built-in camera, and Bluetooth.

HP Notebook HP15-BA015WM

Featuring 4GB DDR3L-1600 SDRAM and 500GB 5400 RPM SATA hard drive, the HP15 Notebook is an affordable device that can tackle all your daily tasks smoothly and efficiently. If you are looking for a unit that is capable of multitasking, the HP15 has the ability to handle most power-hungry applications. The battery life is also decent. You can expect to use it on the move for up to 5 hours. Other features include AMD Radeon R2 Graphics with 2276MD graphics memory, and HD webcam. The BrightView WLED-backlit display means that you can easily use the laptop even in dark places. The laptop also comes with touchpad capability that supports multi-touch gestures without the use of on and off button.

Fusion5 T90B+ Pro

If you are looking for amazing speeds and performance, the Fusion5 T90B+ Pro comes with 5GHz WiFi, which means that you can expect upload and download speeds that are twice faster than traditional laptops. The Fusion5 comes with 4GB RAM and onboard 32GB eMMC storage but you can add HDD of up to 1TB or a Micro SD card of up to 256GB. The laptop is also highly convenient and flexible to carry around. Weighing only 1346 grams, the Fusion5 is light and easy to carry around for travels. If needed, you can stretch it to 170 degrees offering a flat appearance.


In addition to being free to use, Linux is backed by a strong online community through various forums. Users also have limitless options when it comes to customization possibilities. The OS also offers administrators with a powerful command-line interface to write shell scripts necessary for routine maintenance. Furthermore, unlike a few years ago when developers were usually concentrating on creating programs for Windows, today, almost all popular programs have a Linux version. Moreover, with Windows making old laptops and PC absolute with every OS upgrade, Linux is becoming the OS of choice for less powerful machines that do not work well with the bulky Windows programs.